El cuidado de la vista en primavera

En época primaveral, las personas expresan tener una mayor sensibilidad visual debido a la gran presencia de polen y ácaros del polvo en el ambiente, que sumados a los índices de radiación UV y a las alergias típicas de estos meses, dan como resultado varios y diferentes focos que pueden terminar provocando molestias e irritaciones oculares.

 

La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) señala que una de cada cuatro personas sufre alergias oculares, es decir una cuarta parte de la población mundial. La sugerencia médica es consultar al oftalmólogo y no esperar a que los síntomas sean más serios.

 

Sensación de arenilla, lagrimeo, párpados hinchados, irritación, sensibilidad a la luz, quemazón e imposibilidad de permanecer mucho tiempo fijando la vista son síntomas de alergia e infecciones visuales. Algunas son leves, pero otras deben controlarse porque pueden llegar a ser crónicas. Los tratamientos son amplios y dependerán del grado de la afección, el tipo de alergia y la edad de la persona.

 

Desde el Consejo Argentino de Oftalmología (CAO) recomiendan algunos hábitos que pueden ayudar a sobrellevar los molestos efectos de la alergia:

  • No tocarse o frotarse los ojos con las manos sucias; además, lavarse la cara varias veces al día para eliminar ácaros.
  • Ventilar todos los ambientes de la casa para que no se acumule polvo, a primera hora de la mañana o por la noche.

En tanto, durante el día se recomienda mantener las ventanas cerradas así como también las del auto.

  • No concurra a lugares donde se fuma ya que el humo causa más irritación.
  • Realice actividades al aire libre después del mediodía, ya que baja la cantidad de polen presente en el ambiente.
  • Para calmar estas afecciones, lave los ojos mediante baños oculares con solución fisiológica fría o también con baños de té, pero si la molestia continua, concurra al especialista.
  • No a la automedicación. Consulte al médico oftalmólogo.

 

Asimismo, aparte de las alergias, existen otros factores ambientales que afectan nuestra calidad visual, como la radiación UV. Los daños que los rayos ultravioletas causan a la vista son muy delicados y si no se protege los ojos con lentes de alta calidad óptica, las consecuencias pueden ser irreversibles.

El uso diario de lentes fotosensibles es una excelente opción para ayudar a prevenir enfermedades visuales causadas por los rayos UV.

Quienes no usan anteojos con prescripción médica necesitarán lentes para el sol con adecuada protección contra la radiación ultravioleta, que mejorarán su calidad visual preservando al mismo tiempo la salud de sus ojos.

En todos estos casos, la consulta al médico oftalmólogo es fundamental para que realice una evaluación y pueda determinar las recomendaciones apropiadas.

 

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